Tanzania is bordered on the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia; on the west by Zaire, Burundi, and Rwanda; on the north by Uganda and Kenya; and on the east by the Indian Ocean. Tanzania is the largest of the East African nations. There is simply no other African country perhaps no other place in the world that possesses a natural variety and largesse comparable to Tanzania. From the snow-capped majesty of Kilimanjaro, the highest freestanding mountain on earth, to the forested shores of Lake Tanganyika, the worlds longest, second-deepest and least-polluted freshwater body, this is a land of astonishing scenic beauty.
As if that werent enough, theres also the legendary spice island of Zanzibar, the highlight of an Indian Ocean coastline studded with postcard-perfect beaches, mysterious ruined cities and modern-day settlements steeped in centuries of maritime trade with Asia and Arabia. Offshore, youll find reefs and islands inhabited by whales, dolphins, giant marine turtles, sharks, giant coconut crabs, and literally thousands of brightly colored reef fish. The most scenic country in Africa? Quite possibly. The finest wildlife destination? Almost certainly. A beacon of tolerance and stability in an increasingly turbulent world? Without a doubt!
The total population is estimated at around 40 million. The population of Dar es Salaam is estimated at 2.5 million, exceeding that of the countrys next 10 largest towns combined which are, in descending order of size, Mwanza, Zanzibar Town, Morogoro, Mbeya, Tanga, Moshi, Dodoma, Arusha, Tabora and Iringa.
Tanzaniais the site of Africas highest and fifth highest mountains, Kilimanjaro and Meru. In addition, the continents largest three water bodies, Lakes Victoria, Tanganyika and Nyasa-Malawi, all lie partially within Tanzania. Ngorongoro is the worlds largest intact volcanic caldera, while the more northerly Ol Doinyo Lengai is said to be the most active volcano on the African mainland.
Roughly 25% of Tanzanias surface area is accorded some form of official conservation status, and its been estimated that the country supports something like 20% of Africas large mammal biomass.